Uterine Prolapse

Just when you thought that you had heard of everything that can possibly go wrong with women’s health, something new and revolting springs up. Welcome to uterine prolapse.

This information is adapted from an article published in Healthline.com .

What is uterine prolapse?

Uterine prolapse occurs when the uterus sags or slips from its normal position and into the vagina (birth canal).

If the pelvic muscles and ligaments that hold the uterus in place stretch or become weak, they’re no longer able to support the uterus, causing prolapse.

Uterine prolapse may be incomplete or complete. An incomplete prolapse occurs when the uterus is only partly sagging into the vagina. A complete prolapse occurs when the uterus falls so far down that some tissue protrudes outside of the vagina.

How will I know if this occurs?

You may or may not experience any symptoms. Symptoms may include:

  • the feeling that you’re sitting on a ball
  • vaginal bleeding
  • increased discharge
  • problems with sexual intercourse
  • the uterus or cervix protruding out of the vagina
  • a pulling or heavy feeling in the pelvis
  • constipation or difficulty passing stool
  • recurring bladder infections or difficulty emptying your bladder

If you develop these symptoms, you should see your doctor and get treatment.

Risk factors

  • Menopause
  • Damage to the pelvic muscles and tissues during pregnancy and childbirth
  • Later life pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Chronic cough
  • Chronic constipation

Treatment

  • losing weight to take the stress off pelvic structures
  • avoiding heavy lifting
  • doing Kegel exercises, which are pelvic floor exercises that help strengthen the vaginal muscles
  • wearing a pessary, which is a device inserted into the vagina that fits under the cervix and helps push up and stabilize the uterus and cervix
  • surgery

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